Founded in 1459 by Rao Jodha. Jodhpur is the second largest city in Rajasthan after Jaipur. The world famous Mehrangarh fort dominates the skyline. From its ramparts, one can see where the old city ends and the new one begins. It is fascinating wandering around the old parts of the city, browsing through the antique shops or experiencing the ambience of this chaotic, bustling, sun-struck city of red sand stone.
Strife-torn from the start, Jodhpur's wealth, (got by lucrative trade with Gujarat) invited Mughal envy. After several attempts to take over Jodhpur, Emperor Akbar entered into a marriage alliance with Udai Singh's sister in 1561 thus ensuring the friendliest terms between the Mughals and Rathods. The capital of Jodhpur flourished into a great centre of arts and culture with Mughal patronage. But with Aurangzeb, the Rajput-Mughal alliance was strained.
Jodhpur was also witness to infighting between the various clans, despite the need for a common front against the Mughals.
- Area : 29 sq. km.
- Altitude : 236.53 metres
- Climate : Mean Max. Mean Min.
Summer : 42.2° C 36.6° C
Winter : 27.5° C 15.5° C
- Rainfall : 31 cms.
- Best Season : Oct. - March
- Clothing : Summer : light tropical, Winter : light woolen
- Languages : English, Hindi, Marwari.
PLACES OF INTEREST
- Mehrangarh Fort
- Umaid Bhawan Palace Hotel & Museum
- Jaswant Thada
- Clock Tower & Sadar Bazaar
- Umaid Bhawan Palace Hotel in Jodhpur is an architectural wonder in it's self.
- Mandore Gardens
- Osiyan Jain Temples.
- Sardar Samand Lake Wildlife Centre.
- Khimsar Fort
- Nagaur Cattle Fair in January
HOW TO GET THERE?
Indian Airlines connect Jodhpur with Jaipur, Delhi, Udaipur and Bombay.
Jodhpur is connected by rail with Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Jaipur, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Abu Road, Bombay via Ahmedabad Barmer and Udaipur via Marwar.
By road Jodhpur to Agra 577 kms, Ajmer 198 kms, Barmer 220 kms, Bikaner 240 kms, Bombay 1073 kms, Delhi 592 kms, Jaipur 343 kms, Jaisalmer 290 kms, Mount Abu 264 kms, Udaipur 275 kms, Ranakpur 175 kms.
Regular bus services available from Jodhpur to Ahmedabad, Ajmer, Jaipur, Udaipur, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Ranakpur and Nathdwara.